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中考动词不定式和it的用法

2006年2月8日 来源:网友供稿 作者:不详 字体:[ ]



一、 动词不定式考查热点分析


考查带to 的动词不定式作宾语补足语的用法;带to的动词不定式与V-ing形式作宾语的区别;考查省去to 的动词不定式与V-ing形式作宾语补足语的区别;考查动词不定式作状语的用法;考查\"疑问词 + 动词不定式\"的用法;考查在固定句型中动词不定式的用法以及动词不定式作定语的用法。


二、 动词不定式典型考例及分析


1. -Did you have anyone ______ the trees?


-Yes, I had the trees ______. (2004重庆市)


A. to water; water B. to water; watered


C. water; to be watered D. water; watered


【分析】 选D。使役动词make, have, let后面的宾语补足语要用省去to的动词不定式。即have / make / let sb. do sth.意为\"让某人做某事\",have / make / let sth. done意为\"让某物被......\"。


2. When they went into the park, they saw someone ______Chinese Kongfu. (2004黑龙江省)


A. plays B. played C. to play D. playing


【分析】 选D。在动词see, watch, hear, notice等后面的宾语补足语常用V-ing 形式表示\"......某人正在做某事\"。


3. ______ so much noise? It may wake up the baby. (2004威海市)


A. Why to make B. Why make C. Why not to make D. Why not make


【分析】 选B。在Why ...? /Why not ...?/ had better / would you please 之后要接省去to 的动词不定式。又如: Be careful! The water is too hot. You\'d better not to drink it right now. (2004吉林省)


4. I can\'t send an e-mail. Would you please show me ______ it? (2004黑龙江省)


A. doing B. to do C. what to do D. how to do


【分析】 选D。在动词show, teach, tell 后面往往用\"疑问词 + 动词不定式\"作宾语补足语。


三、 it 的用法归纳


it常用来指事物或某一件事情,也可以用来指时间、天气、距离等,在特定的语境中it 也可以用来指身份不明的\"人\"; it 用来作形式主语或形式宾语,用来代替后面的动词不定式或者从句;它还常常用于固定句型中。


四、 it 典型考例及分析


1. -A latest English newspaper, please!


-Only one copy left. Would you like to have ______, sir? (2004南昌市)


A. it B. one C. this D. that


【分析】选A。这里用it 用来指物,指上文的only one cop。


2. -Who taught ______ English last term? Was ______ Mr Smith?


-No, Miss White did. (2003山东省)


A. you; it B. you; he C. your; it D. your; that


【分析】 选A。当不清楚某人的具体情况时往往用it来指人。如有人敲门时可以说Who is it?


3. Most kids find ______ interesting to play football. (2003扬州市)


A. it B. this C. that D. one


【分析】 选A。这里的it 用来作形式宾语,用来代替后面的动词不定式to play football。

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