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突破语法,直击中考

2006年1月1日 来源:网友供稿 作者:不详 字体:[ ]


作者:周少君

--动词被动语态


一、 动词各种时态被动语态的考查热点分析


在肯定句中,特别是在某一语境中,对各种时态的被动语态进行考查,这时应注意各种时态的被动语态的构成方式以及各种时态的用法;考查含有情态动词的被动语态,其构成方式为:\"情态动词 + be + 过去分词\";在疑问句中考查各种时态的被动语态,这时应注意谓语动词与主语之间的关系。


二、 被动语态典型考例及分析


1. -Linda, you ______ on the phone.


-I am coming. Thank you. (2004威海市)


A. want B. are wanted C. have wanted D. wanted


[分析] 选B。句意为\"有电话找你\",而\"你\"是被\"找\"。


2. A talk on science ______ in our school next Monday. (2004陕西省)


A. will give B. will be given C. has given D. has been given


[分析] 选B。由时间状语可知要用一般将来时,又因为talk (报告) 与动词give之间是被动关系,故选B。


3. The bookshop ______ for six years. (2004梧州市)


A. has been open B. has been opened


C. has opened D. has open


[分析] 选A。open用作动词时是非持续性动词,不能与表示一段时间的状语连用,而这里有for six years这样的时间状语,故选A。has been open中的open是形容词。


4. I\'m sorry you can\'t go in now. The room ______ yet. (2004黄冈市)


A. hasn\'t been cleaned B. hasn\'t cleaned


C. isn\'t been cleaned D. isn\'t being cleaned


[分析]选A。由句中的yet 一词可知要用现在完成时,这里room与clean之间是被动关系,故选A。


5. - Someone has stolen my handbag.


- When ______ it ______?(2004十堰市)


A. did, steal B. has , stolen C. has, been stolen D. was, stolen


[分析] 选D。在when引导的疑问句中一般要用一般过去时或一般将来时。\"手提包\"是\"被偷\",故选D。


6. -Don\'t litter the ground, boy. Look at the sign : \" Rubbish ______ into the dustbin.\"


-Sorry. (2004襄樊市)


A. has throw B. was throw


C. must throw D. must be thrown


[分析] 选D。rubbish与throw之间是被动关系,而B项时态又与语境不符,故选D。


一、 形容词、副词考查热点:


形容词用来作表语、定语;副词用来作状语;形容词的比较等级:原级、比较级和最高级;形容词比较级前的修饰语。


二、 形容词、副词典型考例及分析


1. -What delicious cakes!(2004南昌市)


-They would taste ____ with butter.


A. good B. better C. bad D. worse


[分析] 选B。这是一个暗含比较级的考查。答语意为\"涂上黄油它们会更好吃\"。


2. -What do you think of the football match? (2004河南省)


-Wonderful! The Chinese football team has never played _____.


A. better B. best C. worse D. worst


[分析] 选A。这也是一个暗含比较级的考查。答语意为\"棒极了!中国足球队从来没有比这次踢得更好\"。注意:暗含比较级的考查是中考热点中的热点。又如:How beautiful she sings. I\'ve never heard a better voice. (2004无锡市)


3. -Do you enjoy travelling by plane? (2004西宁市)


-No. It\'s _____ expensive.


A. much more B. more much C. too much D. much too


[分析] 选D。much more 意为\"多得多\",much修饰比较级more ; too much 意为\"太多\"用来修饰不可数名词;much too意为\"非常;极其\",用来修饰形容词、副词。


4. -Who is ____ in your class? -Fred is. (2004宁德市)


A. tall B. taller C. tallest D. the tallest


[分析] 选D。当句子中有 in短语或of 短语表示比较的范围时,形容词、副词常用最高级形式。


5. China has a _____ population and long history. (2004本溪市)

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